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  • [Id, 1812110932460001][SiteId, 1807271753580001][Site, ][Type, 多信息][TopId, 1807301412400001][Name, 筑路机械分会][Directory, zljxfh][Path, /second-nav/zljxfh][TemplateTopic, second-index.html][TemplateList, second-sec-page.html][TemplateInfo, second-sec-page-section.html][Hidden, False][NeedAudit, False][StaticHtml, False][TopicOrder, 11][Url, /second-nav/zljxfh][Images, ][SEOTitle, 中国公路学会][Description, ][Keywords, ][Remark, ][Content, ][AllowComment, False][Active, False][Children, System.Collections.Generic.List`1[UFU.CMS.Models.TopicModel]][HasChildren, True][Top, UFU.CMS.Models.TopicModel][ImageList, System.Collections.Generic.List`1[UFU.CoreFX.Models.ViewModels.UploadFileViewModel]][HasImage, False] 筑路机械分会

创意设计,让废弃的高架桥重获新生!

作者: 发布时间:2017/3/21 下午10:19:22 查看次数:6882
在美国费城市中心北部,将会出现一“条”公园。   


  小碎石路、树木、花香、阳光……普通公园应有的尽有,但特别之处在于,一条废弃的铁轨贯穿公园,在某些路段,它还像高架桥一样横穿社区。这“条”未来的公园原本正是废弃的高架,修建于1890年代。

  2003年,一位画家和当地居民启动了“雷丁高架公园项目”,努力让高架公园成为可能。它将蜿蜒穿过55个街区,届时不用穿过马路就可以拥有长达5000米的公园”。

  据“费城高架桥绿化”组织的负责人介绍,如果摧毁这座高架可能需5000万美元,比改造它耗资更多。因此,现在费城打算花3600万美金来打造这条空中精品公园。2012年4月,通过三次社区会议,以及问卷调研,这段高架的改造设计图问世了。

  其实,这不是美国第一个废弃高架铁路的改造项目。2009年6月纽约曼哈顿西区的废弃高线铁路就成功改造成了高架公园。目前,美国这类型的项目还包括芝加哥的布鲁明戴尔小径、泽西市的第六街路堤和圣路易斯的栈桥。

  最早的高架公园出现在法国巴黎。1989年,巴黎开始着手把1859年的一段长约4.5千米的废旧铁轨改造成绿荫步道,近半个世纪之后,1993年向公众开放。这类项目近20年来在美国成风靡之势,人们开始认同废弃高架的历史价值,认为它们是工业化留下的宝贵遗产,承载着过去和历史。


       而在意大利,同样也有废弃高架重获新生。


   意大利的A3高速公路从1960年中期就开始建造,尽管至今已经过了50多个年头,但因为政府的腐败和管理不善等问题,高速公路还远远没有完成建设。卡拉布里亚当地政府四年前提案,希望能够重塑高速公路。他们的设计最终定为“垂直村庄”,即将高速公路沿途的许多桥梁和高架变成太阳能城市

   项目负责单位Oxo建筑公司的Manal Rachdi介绍,这些高架将被改造成为“倒置的高楼”。这些垂直城市将被作为自治区进行管理。届时桥梁的底部将设有一个封闭的人行天桥,来隔离顶部的公路车道。往下的话,住宅区,商店,休闲中心等配套设施将沿着桥墩进行建造。在这样的社区里,居民不仅能够享受舒适的生活,还能同时享受到卡拉布里亚乡村的优美的景色。而此时唯一的问题就是,目前意大利南部的经济非常不景气,因此为这个项目筹集到足够的资金可能还需要很长的时间。但未来的某一天,垂直城市将会以傲人的姿态向人们张开怀抱。